AD. Autobiographical Dictations.
MT. 1959. The Autobiography of Mark Twain. Edited by Charles Neider. New York: Harper and Brothers.
AutoMT1. 2010. Autobiography of Mark Twain, Volume 1. Edited by Harriet Elinor Smith, Benjamin Griffin, Victor Fischer, Michael B. Frank, Sharon K. Goetz, and Leslie Diane Myrick. Mark Twain Papers. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Budd, Louis J. 1992. Mark Twain: Collected Tales, Sketches, Speeches & Essays, 1852–1890. The Library of America. New York: Literary Classics of the United States.
CC (Clara Langdon Clemens, later Gabrilowitsch and Samossoud). 1931. My Father, Mark Twain. New York: Harper and Brothers.
CtY-BR. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, New Haven, Conn.
CU-Mark. University of California, Mark Twain Collection, Berkley.
HHR. 1969. Mark Twain’s Correspondence with Henry Huttleston Rogers. Edited by Lewis Leary. The Mark Twain Papers. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Howe, M.A. DeWolfe. 1922. Memories of a Hostess: A Chronicle of Eminent Friendshis Drawn Chiefly from the Diaries of Mrs. James T. Fields. Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press.
Howells, William Dean. 1910. My Mark Twain: Reminiscences and Criticisms. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Inds. 1989. Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer among the Indians, and Other Unfinished Stories. Foreword and notes by Dahlia Armon and Walter Blair. The Mark Twain Library. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, Also online at MTPO.
Lyon, Isabel V.
1903–1906. Journal of seventy-four pages, with entries dated 7 November 1903 to 14 January 1906, CU-MARK.
1906. Diary in The Standard Daily Reminder: 1906. MS notebook of 368 pages, CU-MARK.
MH-H. Harvard University, Houghton Library, Cambridge, Mass.
MHi. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston.
MiU-H. University of Michigan, Michigan Historical Collection, Ann Arbor.
MnHi. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
MTA. 1924. Mark Twain’s Autobiography. Edited by Albert Bigelow Paine. 2 vols. New York: Harper and Brothers.
MTB. 1912. Mark Twain: A Biography. By Albert Bigelow Paine. 3 vols. New York: Harper and Brothers. [Volume numbers in citations are to this edition; page numbers are the same in all editions.]
MTE. 1940. Mark Twain in Eruption. Edited by Bernard DeVoto. New York: Harper and Brothers.
MTHL. 1960. Mark Twain-Howels Letters. Edited by Henry Nash Smith and William M. Gibson, with the assistance of Frederick Anderson. 2 vols. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harward University Press.
MTPO. Mark Twain Project Online. Edited by the Mark Twain Project. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. [Launched 1 November 2007.] http://www.marktwainproject.org.
N&J3. 1979. Mark Twain’s Notebooks & Journals, Volume 3 (1883–1891). Edited by Robert Pack Browning, Michael B. Frank, and Lin Salamo. The Mark Twain Papers. Berkly and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
NN-BGC. New York Public Library, Albert A. and Henry W. Berg Collection, New York, NY.
RI 1993. Roughing It. Edited by Harriet Elinor Smith, Edgar Marquess Branch, Lin Salamo, and Robert Pack Browning. The Works of Mark Twain. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. [This edition supersedes the one published in 1972.]
RPB-JH. Brown University, John Hay Library of Rare Books and Special Collections, Providence, R.I.
Scharnhorst, Gary. 2006. Mark Twain: The Complete Interviews. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
SLC (Samuel Langhorne Clemens).
1905. «John Hay and the Ballads». Harper’s Weekly 49 (21 October): 1530.
1909. «Closing Words of My Autobiography». MS of forty-four pages, written on 24, 25, and 26 December, CU-MARK. Published as «The Death of Jean» in Harper’s Monthly Magazine 122 (January 1911): 210–215.
2009. Who Is Mark Twain? Edited with a note on the text, by Robert H. Hirst. New York: HarperStudio.
U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
1907–1909. Fentress Land Co. et al. v. Bruno Gernt et al. Civil Case № 967, Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern Division of the Eastern District of Tennessee, Southeast Region Archives, Morrow, Ga.
ViU University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Wecter, Dixon. 1952. Sam Clemens of Hannibal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Riverside Press.